In the athlete, two types of traumas are described. Acute traumas linked to a high energy mechanism in a short period of time and the so-called “overload” or chronic injuries, which are linked to a low intensité́ load but for a long period of time.
The latter result in an inflammatory phenomenon and pain. Whole-body cryotherapy is of great importance in the field of sports. It has a role on the treatment of chronic lesions; such as enthesopathies, tibial periostitis, by these analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. The fight against pain and inflammation during acute trauma will also be cited in the literature.